Filippo Brunelleschi

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Name Professor Subject Date Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446) Work: Foundling Hospital Born in 1377, Filippo Brunelleschi was one of the three sons of Brunellesco Di Lippo, a notary in public affairs, and Giuliana Spini. In 1392, Filippo, begun his apprenticeship as a professional goldsmith and sculptor in Florence although his father wanted him to be a notary. His interest in science and mathematics were brought by Paolo dal Pozzo, a merchant and a medical doctor in Florence, who pushed him to teach science and mathematics and later apply them in his architect career. In 1401, Filippo contested in a competition to design bronze doors with seven other architects. Although his design was magnificent, he lost in the competition and following the setback; he turned to architecture. Filippo knew a lot about the Roman buildings and admired the techniques the Romans used in raising them. He was able to develop numerous mathematical principles such as the linear perspective which he developed using mirrors. Using the principles, he managed to develop various scenes of Florence. Although he admired the Roman techniques, his designs including the dome of the Florence cathedral and the foundling hospital were based on gothic architecture, and they illustrated classicism in architecture (Vancouver Island University). The dome of Florence cathedral is considered to be the most famous of his architectural designs although it did not express his original architectural idea since it harmonized the architectural style with century-old buildings. Thus, the foundling hospital was the first of Fillipo’s organic creation, and it marked the beginning of renaissance architecture

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