Theory Paper

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Group Analysis Student’s Name Institution Affiliation Theory Paper: Child Development Theories Numerous theories explain early childhood development. Most of these have been tested leading to significant findings both on their use and shortcoming in explaining early development (Allen, 2016). Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory and Eric Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development are perfect examples of such theories. In this study, the two theories are analyzed to understand the concepts and use in parenting. The reason for choosing these two being that besides being most popular, they address the needs of early development realistically, and consider the innate, environmental and social factors of development. Although similar in some ways, Eric Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development is the best compared to Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory it considers sociocultural factors of development. Psychosexual Stages of Development Freud’ theory argues that individual’s personality is shaped up by their childhood experiences. And as individuals grow, they pass through five stages of development namely oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital (May, 2013). These are parts of the body that Freud explains as pleasure points (Allen, 2016). Children focus on full filing the urges of these pleasure points as they grow up, and if proper parenting is lacking at any stage, one may end up stuck in or fixated at that particular stage. The oral stage (0-1 years) is the first with the child’s pleasure point as the mouth. Therefore, children desires include those of full filling oral needs with sucking reflexes. The second stage is Anal (1-3 years) in

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