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Question 1 Mitosis is a form of cell division where a single cell divides in a process which leads to the production of two genetically identical daughter cells. This is a procedure by which new cells are produced by the body for repair and growth of worn-out tissues in the entire body. It is also known as binary fission. Meiosis is a type of cell division by which the cell divides into four daughter cells each of which contains half the number of chromosomes of the original cell. Chromosomes are thread-like structures contained in the nucleus of the cell in the body. Chromatin is a compound structure of proteins and DNA that forms chromosomes in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. Centromere is the section of a chromosome where the two chromatids are joined together. The centromere is attached to the spindle during meiosis and mitosis. Spindle is a complex structure of small fibers composed of microtubules that form during cell division to isolate the sister chromatids between daughter cells. Centrioles are cylinder-like structures that are comprised of multiple microtubules. Centrioles are usually found in animal cells and play an important role in cell division. Cytokinesis is the process by which the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell divides into two daughter cells during cell division. Kinetochore is a protein structure that is formed on a chromatid during the process of cell division and enhances it to hold to a spindle fiber on a chromosome. Homologous chromosomes are pairs of chromosomes from each parent that are alike in gene position, length and centromere position. Synapsis is the process by which two chromosomes pair during meiosis. This process

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