Zika Virus

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Name Professor’s Name Course Date The Zika Virus Identification of the Problem The Zika virus was discovered in Zika forest, Uganda in 1947. The first human cases were diagnosed in 1952, outbreaks have later been reported in areas such as the Pacific island, tropical Africa and even in the US, the most affected states in America include, California, Texas, Florida, Chicago, Mexico, Arizona among others (Yong np). The primary carriers of the virus are known as Aedes Aegypti and Aedes albopticus. The virus can be passed from an expectant woman to her unborn child; this may result in infections during pregnancy, which can cause other severe congenital disabilities (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). The virus can also be transmitted through sex and blood transfusion. Most people who are infected with the Virus usually have mild or no symptoms, some of the common ones include, fever, headache, joint pain, rash, muscle pain, and red eyes. Symptoms usually last for days to a week. According to the CDC report on Zika virus 2018, four hundred and twenty-four cases of the disease have been registered in the United States as well as six hundred and forty-four more in US territories. The possible causes of occurrence include first, ecology and geography, whereby for the last two decades, human actions have been identified as prominent variables in vector-driven ailments of viral origin. Viruses, vectors, geographical scatterings, increased ecological and demographic dysgenesis; increased trade and travel are some of the causative factors. Secondly, global warming has also influenced the spread of the Zika virus. For instance, the spread of the virus in

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