Tuberculosis

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Tuberculosis (TB) is a treatable and curable disease, but it is easily transmissible. It has become a global disease problem and collaborated mitigation efforts are in place. In the previous decades, TB was feared because it was belied that it has not cured. However, there have been several successful discoveries that have aided in comprehending the disease, improving diagnoses procedures and in its management. Close to 9.6 million people acquired TB in 2014, and out of these, 1.4 million died despite the current efforts to control its transmission. Even though the incidence of TB seems to have reduced, it is an aggressive disease that requires prompt treatment under strict supervision. However, it does not mean that every exposure to TB bacteria causes TB like in the case of latent TB, but the situation is different for people with a weak immune system and the elderly. This paper discusses the origin of tubercle bacilli (causative agent for TB), its method of spread, disease burden globally, control and treatment of the disease, and training efforts put in place to control spread. Keywords: Tuberculosis (TB), WHO (world health organization), Tubercle bacilli Introduction Tuberculosis (TB), caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is associated with the respiratory system because it attacks the lungs. However, according to Schuenemann et al. (2013), it can also affect other parts of the body including, the spine, brain, and kidneys. Having the bacteria in the body doesn’t necessarily present the disease (latent TB infection). According to Daniel (2011), various studies have been conducted to indicate the origin and investigate the first cases of tuberculosis. Evidence of

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