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Name Instructor Course Date Piaget and Vygotsky Piaget and Vygotsky are two of the most powerful developmental psychologists. Piaget's theory suggests that children pass through four essential steps during the maturing process and development. In his argument, Piaget described children as active learners and acquired knowledge through their interaction with the environment (Shayer 37). He also suggested that children learn through accommodation and assimilation. In his view, intricate cognitive growth in children happens through equilibration. On the other hand, Vygotsky proposed that cognitive development in children occurs through their formal and informal interactions and conversations with adults. He suggested that the initial years of children is very critical for their development. Vygotsky argued that children can do more complex tasks with the assistance of an adult and that such challenging activities contribute immensely to their development. He also stressed the importance of playing games in enabling children to develop cognitively (Shayer 37). Piaget and Vygotsky theories share several similarities and differences. One of the similarities in the two theories include the fact that both acknowledge that children experience active learning (Shayer 35). According to the theories, children actively acquire and organize fresh information and synchronize it with the existing knowledge to attain equilibrium. Their ability to seek feedback from other adults enhances the active development and learning process. The second similarity between the two theories is that both acknowledge that the development process degenerates with age and thus, growth is fast during

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