Racial Disparity in the Criminal Juastice System in the US and State of Iowa

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“Racial Disparity in the Criminal Justice System of the US and Iowa” Name: Institution: In the American criminal justice framework, race refers to the different experiences that people of various races go through concerning prosecutions and policing. Different racial groups have for long suffered different fates regarding the sentencing of felonies and general convictions. Defendants from minority groups appear to be charged more with crimes that require no more than a minimum sentence in prison than their white counterparts. This pattern has led to an enormous racial discrepancy in incarceration systems in America. This article discusses the racial disparity in the criminal justice system of the US and Iowa. The population of the United States is diverse in terms of race and ethnicity. The country’s last official census acknowledged six racial groups that exist in the country (Colby & Ortman, 2015). In August 2016, the US had a population of 324,227,000 people; the third highest population of all the countries in the world (Colby & Ortman, 2015). The census bureau of the US defines white people as those that have any origins in North Africa, the Middle East, and Europe. The whites are the largest racial group in the US. They are approximately 77.7% of the entire population (Colby & Ortman, 2015). However, when Hispanics are distinguished from this category, then the United States has a 62.6% population of whites. The African American community constitutes about 13.2% of the US population and is the biggest racial minority in America (Colby & Ortman, 2015). The Latino American and the Hispanics are the largest ethnic minority at 17% of the total

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