Madrid Spain Airport

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Name: Course: Instructor: Date: MADRID AIRPORT History Madrid-Barajas Airport also known as Barajas is the main air link of Spain to Latin America and the rest of Europe. It is sometimes called Barajas because it was built in the upcoming town of Barajas. The airport is ranked 15th in the world by passenger traffic in 2015 and 5th busiest in Europe according to Eurostat data for 2014. It was opened to the public in 1928 and is the first airport in Spain. The airport boasts four terminals; one executive terminal, two hanger areas, and one cargo area. It has five runways; four parallel and the first one to be built in the airport which is now used as a parking lot. In 2012 the airport upgraded its runways to suit to the change of the magnetic north in relation to the geographic north. Though opened in 1928; the airport began operation in 1933. On May 15 the first commercial civilian traffic was launched by the landing of Fokker VII/3M plane. The routes that were scheduled first were Barcelona and Seville which were operated by LAPE which is now Iberia. This was done under Lieutenant Colonel Jacobo de Armijo as the director, and 2873 passengers were transported this year by 378 planes. By the mid-50s the capacity of the airport increased to around half a million a year. It was now necessary to do the expansion to adapt to the changes. In 1954 the airport built a new passenger terminal, now Terminal 2, a cargo aircraft aprons and cargo terminals were also completed in the same year. When jumbo jets started to arrive in the 1970s the flow of passengers increased to more than one million a year. Work began in 1971 to build a new passenger terminal now Terminal T-1

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