Intellectual disability

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Intellectual Disability Name Institution Affiliation Introduction Intellectual disability is a health condition characterized by abnormal mental and psychological ability of a person that begins during infancy. These children have the potential of learning new skills, but at a slower rate than the normal children (Harris, 2010). Therefore, these children have a limited ability to reason, learn, make proper decisions, and solve problems in their lives. The children with intellectual disability also find it challenging to manage adaptive behavior skills such as communicating effectively and interacting with each other or even to take good care of themselves (Yen, Kung, Chiu, & Tsai, 2014). This research paper analyzes the meaning, the causes, the signs and symptoms, and the management of intellectual disability. Meaning of Intellectual Disability According to Harris (2010), intellectual disability can be determined by factoring in the infant IQ levels. The average IQ of a normal child is 85 to 115 on the IQ test. However, the children suffering from intellectual disability usually score less than 75 on the IQ test. The other tests for intellectual disability are the Abnormal Denver developmental screening tests and the Adaptive behavior test (Goddard, Davidson, Daly, & Mackey, 2008). The adaptive behaviors are also analyzed by observing a child’s skills and comparing it with other children of the same age. About 1% of the population suffer from the intellectual disability. About 85% these few cases experience mild intellectual disability (Iocono et al, 2014). Therefore, they can learn new skills and live independently later in life if provided with

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