Hunters and gatherers

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Hunters and Gatherers. Name: Institution: Date: Hunters and Gatherers There are still a few hunter-gatherer communities that exist in some isolated parts of the world. Some of the most well-known hunter-gatherer tribes are the Bushmen of the Kalahari and the Pirahã who are natives of the Amazon Rainforest. These communities believe in sharing. Because of their relatively small sizes, everything that they gather and hunt, they share. The same goes for land. Although efforts have been made to assimilate them into the national systems of the countries they reside in, they have been reluctant to do so. They do not attach much value to the land and believe in communal ownership. Therefore, the property and everything in and around it belongs to the entire community. This is further accentuated by the fact that they rarely live permanently in one place. Accumulation of material property among people who hunt and gather is difficult. However, a few personal items such as tools and clothing are regarded as private and usually passed off to the next of kin (Smith et al., 2010) upon the death of any member. Tribes such as the Bushmen of the Kalahari and the Pirahã of the Amazon believe in only killing what they eat and taking care of their environment. They do this because they understand that nature takes care of them and they, in turn, have to take care of it. Overexploitation through ways such as hunting more than they need would only adversely affect them in the end. Modern society can learn so many things from traditional hunter-gatherer tribes. In a world where natural resources are quickly diminishing, human beings ought to conserve the little that is left.

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