Final Exam Fall 2016

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Final Exam Fall 2016 Identify and describe the three dominant religions of China. The dominant religions in China are Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, and Christianity. Buddhism is a religious practice which follows the teaching of Buddha. It preaches the art of liberation from carnal desires to reach a state of perfection where the soul is elevated to another state. Taoism is a folk Chinese religion established from the teachings of Lao-tzu and emphasizes on religious piety that is marked by simplicity and humility. Christianity is a global movement founded from the teachings of Jesus Christ of Nazareth whom adherents acclaim as the son of God and is based on Biblical teachings. It is worth noting that although Confucianism is not a religious movement per se but a philosophical approach to life; it is followed by a religious movement especially among the elite in Chinese society and has the highest following. Discuss the life story, basic teachings and religious, cultural legacy of Confucius. Confucianism is the most prominent cultural heritage in China. It was established by the philosopher Confucius from a mixture of heritages from Xia, Zhou and Shang cultures. It emphasizes on knowledge, discipline, humility and following a teacher. These characteristics are the cornerstones of Chinese culture and affect adherence to all religions actively. Discuss the life story, basic teachings and religious, cultural legacy of Laozi. Laozi originated from a capital town in China and was the store keeper of royal records. He was a wise man, and thus many approached him for advice. Witnessing the decay of morality in the town, he left westwards but was recognized by someone in

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