electrolytes imbalance

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Electrolytes Imbalance Student’s Name Institution Introduction The body contains important nutrients such as potassium, sodium, calcium and magnesium that contribute to the general health of an individual. The percentage requirements of these ions are determined by one's access and consumption of the respective food sources or supplements (Dr. Axe, 2016). When a person is able to maintain a balanced level of electrolyte, he or she has high immunity. However, there are instances where some people lack important food sources that result in deprivation of some of these ions in the body resulting in an imbalance. Since the ions are contained in the body fluid, the state of being unequally available is referred as electrolyte imbalance. Nutritional Causes The electrolyte imbalance can be caused by taking excess junk or processed foods that have different levels of potassium, magnesium and sodium ions. After consuming the junk foods, one's fluids acquire excess ions of one type resulting in an electrolyte imbalance. For instance, when the sodium ions are in excess, the kidney is forced to expel or retain specific amounts of water in the body (Nordqvist, 2016). Prolonged intake of junk foods will result in malfunctioning of the kidney leading to poor regulation of potassium excretion into the blood stream. The failed kidney exhibit reduced excretion of sodium ions, which in return leads to disorientation, high blood pressure, and muscle twitching. The kidney failure also results in magnesium, phosphorus and calcium ion fluctuations in the body, which lowers the blood pressure and may result in cardiac arrests. Electrolyte imbalance can be caused by adding

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