Communicable Diseases

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Communicable Diseases Name Institution Affiliation Communicable diseases also referred as contagious diseases are diseases transmitted via direct contact “with infected persons” or indirectly through microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. They usually spread “through the exchange of body fluids” and blood, bites from insects like mosquitoes or airborne by breathing in a virus (Anderson, 2017). Examples of communicable diseases include Ebola, HIV/AIDS, Zika, Hepatitis A and B, Flu, Measles, STD’S, Tuberculosis, etc. In this particular region, HIV/AIDS, STD’s Hepatitis B have proven a major challenge. This paper purports to investigate these three communicable diseases and find ways to mitigate their spread. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus is the one that caused AIDS. The virus is usually transmitted between persons through bodily fluids like blood; fluids discharged after sexual intercourse and breast milk. Studies have shown that unprotected sex with an infected person and being in direct contact with HIV infected blood are the key ways that AIDS is transmitted (Clark, 2015). Contact with the blood is usually through open wounds and sharing of injection equipment. It is, however, important to note that HIV is not transmitted from saliva, sweat or tears. Studies have also shown that people live and finally die from AIDS because of not knowing that they are infected with the virus and hence fail to get the required medical treatments. There is, however, no cure for AIDS, but there are treatments that have been developed to reduce its effects and related symptoms hence allowing those infected to live longer (Alameda, 2013). The

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