Causes and Spread of Infection Essay Examples

infection have adverse effects on the dynamics of the forest ecosystem beyond the individual tree death (11). The forest ecosystem is altered irreversibly because of the change in the composition of the trees which make up the forest as a result of significant loss of various susceptible oak species. In addition, infection of the coexisting plants can undermine the efforts to treat the afflicted trees, promote the spread of the infection and also affect the regeneration of the infected trees (11). Moreover, P. ramorum infections can alter the physiology of coexisting plant species and as such plants who are able to survive or tolerate P. ramorum infections thrive better outcompeting the other plant...

infection. References Fakhouri, F., Zuber, J., Frémeaux-Bacchi, V., & Loirat, C. (2017). Haemolytic uraemic syndrome. The Lancet, 390(10095), 681-696. Karpman, D., Loos, S., Tati, R., & Arvidsson, I. (2017). Haemolytic uraemic syndrome. Journal of internal medicine, 281(2), 123-148. Kaur, A., & Kerecuk, L. (2016). Haemolytic uraemic syndrome. Paediatrics and Child Health, 26(8),...

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infections. Research shows that whooping cough vaccine is safe for babies, adults, and pregnant women though side effects may occur. A safety research conducted in the UK by proved that the vaccine was safe for the expectant women Whooping cough vaccine has limited and less severe reactions and hence safe for use. Many studies have shown that HPV vaccine is very safe and efficient at HPV prevention, but also have adverse effects HPV was tested in more than 15,000 participants and proven to be safe (Reissner, N.P). Gardasil, which was licensed in 2006 after a series of trials with more than 29,000 individuals. CDC and FDA monitor HPV to approve of its safety of vaccines through three...