Carbohydrates

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Carbohydrates Name Institution Introduction Carbohydrates are one of the essential nutrients in the body. They can be sourced from a wide range of both healthy and unhealthy foods. Some of the significant sources include refined and whole grains, potatoes, rice, oats, and spaghetti among others. They are available in different forms and the most common include, starches/sugars, and fiber (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services & U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2015). Carbohydrates are a vital component of a healthy diet as they provide the body with glucose, which is broken down into energy used maintain bodily functions. Carbohydrate Intake My percentage fulfillment of carbohydrates exceeds the recommended daily allowance by 150%, which is very high. This predisposes me to different lifestyle diseases such as hypertension, heart failure, type two diabetes and gastrointestinal distress among others (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services & U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2015). Therefore, I should consider reducing the intake of foods high in sugar such as snacks and refined grains, which contain a high carbohydrate content. Carbohydrate Breakdown Monosaccharides are the basic units that form carbohydrates; they are also known as simple sugars. Some of the common monosaccharides include glucose, galactose, and fructose. Glucose is very crucial in the human body as it is the form of sugar used for energy. Disaccharides are made up by two monosaccharides joined together. They have to be broken down into simpler forms to be absorbed in the body. Some of the common disaccharides include sucrose, lactose, and maltose. Polysaccharides are

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