Any health Topic Stress, Aniexty , heart disease

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Name of the Student Professor’s Name Health Topic Date Diagnosis of Acute Myocardial Infarction Background Myocardial infarction is a life-threatening cardiovascular disease which is featured by the necrosis of myocardium (muscles present in the wall of the heart). The disease is primarily caused due to insufficient supply of blood and oxygen to the myocardium. The insufficient blood flow results from the formation of emboli, thrombus or constriction of the coronary blood vessels. Atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis are the major risk factors for the coronary constriction or vascular spasm. Myocardial infarction is diagnosed by different subjective and objective measures. However, the criteria for diagnosis are associated with the stage of MI and the presence of comorbid disorders. Hypertension or sustained elevated blood pressure is the major risk factor for MI. On the other hand, obesity and diabetes mellitus are two major comorbid conditions that increase the risk of MI. The symptoms of MI include chest pain, flushing, fatigue and respiratory distress. In advanced stages, death may result from ventricular fibrillation. MI is managed through surgical and pharmacological interventions (Alpert 1335-1341). The surgical interventions for MI include angioplasty and stent implantation. On the other hand, pharmacological interventions include thrombolytic and anticoagulant agents. Angioplasty refers to the surgical removal of thrombus from coronary blood vessels. Stent implantation refers to the dilatation of the coronary blood vessels by surgical devices (stents). Anticoagulants like aspirin are used as a prophylactic medication for

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