Developmental Theories of Childhood

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Developmental Theories of Childhood Name: Institution: Developmental Theories of Childhood Introduction In the current period in the US, there has been an increase in cases of underage drinking, a menace that has proved so difficult to resolve. Subsequently, at a time when the adolescents are believed to be engrossed in their studies, external factors chip in, making them lose focus (Rathus, 2013). The three theories that have comprehensively analyzed childhood development include Jean Piaget theory of cognitive development, Erik Erikson’s theory on psychosocial stages, and Abraham Maslow’s theory on motivation. A Summary of Jean Piaget's Theory A theory of cognitive development was created in 1936 by a Swiss psychologist called Jean Piaget. Even though many researchers and scientists on the past occasions attempted to analyze transition during childhood, it is clear that Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development has been of wide influence (Demetriou, 2016). This is because it put into perspectives contrasting developmental stages with respect to the intellectual and perceptual relationship. In the acknowledgment, the stages vary at age level from one child to another (Newman, 2017). Initially, Piaget incorporated two components, accommodation, and assimilation. Furthermore, he made a proposition of 4 stages; sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational, the latter is for those with the age of 11 and above. Ideally, he described a child’s ability to perceive information. For instance, how does a child mind differ from that of an adult? He further provided valid

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